Prof. Bratati Kahali


Associate Professor

Profile:

Bratati Kahali, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor at the centre for Brain Research. As a computational biologist focusing on human genetics and genomics, her research broadly examines the role of genetic variants in shaping our inherited traits and determining our predisposition to complex diseases. Her lab members get trained and employ state-of-the-art approaches to study and analyze genetics and bioinformatics data, particularly in the Indian population, with special emphasis on whole genome and whole exome sequencing analyses.

Bratati earned her PhD at the Bose Institute (Kolkata, Jadavpur University, INDIA) in 2011 working at the Centre of Excellence in Bioinformatics. She was a postdoctoral fellow (2012-2016) at the University of Michigan Medical School (Ann Arbor, MI, USA), jointly affiliated with the Department of Internal Medicine (Gastroenterology division), and the Department of Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics. There, her research mainly focused on the identification of genetic loci for human obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, within the Genetic Investigation of Anthropometric Traits (GIANT) consortium and GOLD (Genetics of Lipid Diseases) consortium. In September 2016, she joined as a faculty member in Centre for Brain Research at the Indian Institute of Science.

Human Genetics & Computational Genomics Laboratory

Research

We use large-scale, high-throughput and next generation sequencing based genomic data to investigate how DNA sequence variants contribute to complex human diseases. The research in my group engages sophisticated statistical methodology and the use of high-performance computing resources for novel genetics analyses and methods development. The overarching goal of my laboratory is to develop and evaluate biological hypotheses for answering how human genetic variation can affect metabolic and neurodegenerative conditions – for example, why (a) humans have different genetic susceptibility to these complex diseases, and (b) find SNPs and structural variants that associate with the disease of interest, (c) unravel the physiological pathways relevant to disease being studied, (d) unravel causality and shared genetic basis of these disorders, (e) how gene gene interactions contribute to shapinh complex phenotypes and (f) how evolution have shaped these genomic characteristics; using integrative bioinformatics, statistical, and computational methods. We seek to to integrate methylation, RNA expression and other -omics data in order to develop more powerful genomics-based predictors for such diseases.

Overall, my group’s research is aimed to better understand the shared genetic architecture between metabolic disorders and of psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders, including genetic overlap between different disorders (i.e. pleiotropy) and genetic and phenotypic heterogeneity within disorders in Indian population.

Lab News

  1. Shreya Chakraborty (CBR-IMI) awarded the Prime Minister Research Fellowship (PMRF).
  2. Dr. Bratati Kahali has been awarded “National Supercomputing Mission 2020-2021”- Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeITy), Government of India funding for “Population scale whole genome sequencing data analysis in Indians: Implications for uncovering the genetic architecture of cognitive changes associated with aging”.
  3. Allele Specific Variation at APOE Increases Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Obesity but Decreases Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease and Myocardial Infarction. 
    Published by Dr. Bratati Kahali as lead author in Human Molecular Genetics. Accepted March 2021.
  4. A Noncoding Variant Near PPP1R3B Promotes Liver Glycogen Storage and MetS, but Protects Against Myocardial Infarction. Kahali B, Chen Y, Feitosa MF, Bielak LF, O’Connell JR, Musani SK, Hegde Y, Chen Y, Stetson LC, Guo X, Fu YP, Smith AV, Ryan KA, Eiriksdottir G, Cohain AT, Allison M, Bakshi A, Bowden DW, Budoff MJ, Carr JJ, Carskadon S, Chen YI, Correa A, Crudup BF, Du X, Harris TB, Yang J, Kardia SLR, Launer LJ, Liu J, Mosley TH, Norris JM, Terry JG, Palanisamy N, Schadt EE, O’Donnell CJ, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Rotter JI, Wagenknecht LE, Handelman SK, Gudnason V, Province MA, Peyser PA, Halligan B, Palmer ND, Speliotes EK.J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2021 Jan 23;106(2):372-387. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgaa855.PMID: 33231259.
  5. Dr. Kahali was awarded the Ramalingaswami Fellowship 2016-2017 by Department of Biotechnology, Government of India.
  6. Dr. Kahali was awarded the Science and Engineering Research Board Early Career Fellow 2019 by Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.
  7. Lab member Mr. Abhay Gupta (undergraduate at IISc) was awarded the Travel fellowship for presenting and participating in Alzheimer’s Association International Conference, July 14-18, 2019 at Los Angeles, USA.

Present Members

Krithika Subramanian Shreya Chakraborty Sree Vishmaya V
B.Tech. Bioinformatics,
Department of Bioinformatics, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli.
M.Sc. Statistics,
University of Calcutta, Kolkata
B.Tech. Bioinformatics,
SASTRA Deemed University, Thanjavur.
Designation: PhD Student Designation: Project Associate
Currently working on Insights into Human genetic variation in the Indian population through large scale whole genome sequencing analysis. Currently working on Identifying causal genetic risk factors for neurodegeneration in the Indian population. Currently working on Finding Variants of Concern and Variants of Interest in INSACOG(Indian SARS-CoV-2 Genomic Consortium) project.
krithikas@iisc.ac.in cshreya@iisc.ac.in sreevishmaya@iisc.ac.in
 @KrithikaS26  @ShreyaC111  @VishmaSV

 

Mehak Chopra Gowtham Manivel, PhD Aditya Yinaganti
M.Sc. Bioinformatics,
Centre for Bioinformatics, Pondicherry University, Puducherry
Department of Bioinformatics,
Bharathiar University, Coimbatore
M.Tech. Biological Sciences and Bio-engineering,
I.I.T.- Kanpur
Designation: Data Analyst Designation: PostDoc fellow Designation: Project Associate
Currently working on Genome India and Identifying Variations in modern human with respect to Archaic Humans. Currently working on  Genome India. Currently working on Association Analysis of Neurological Disorders.
mehakchopra@iisc.ac.in gowdhamm@iisc.ac.in dityay@iisc.ac.in
 @chopraamhk  @gowdhamgct

 

Former Lab Members

Sheldon D’Silva Rajesh , PhD Anupriya Sadhasivam Swetaleena Satpathy
M.Sc. Bioinformatics and Applied Biotechnology,
IBAB, Bangalore.
M.Sc Bioinformatics
Department of Bioinformatics, Kongunadu Arts and Science College, Coimbatore
Designation: Junior Research Fellow Designation: PostDoc Fellow Designation: Project Assistant Designation: Data Analyst
Worked on Employing computational procedures in order to detect epistatic interactions associated with complex phenotypes, i.e., obesity parameters and cognitive performance and functionally delineate the same. Worked on Worked on Variant Calling using TOPMed pipeline and Structural variation Analysis. Worked on

Abhay Gupta Aarti Rana, PhD Shreya Jha Abhishek Panda
B.Sc. (Research), 4th-year Physics major student,
IISc, Bangalore
Computational Biology and Bioinformatics,
Centre for Computational Biology and Bioinformatics,
Central University of Himachal Pradesh
B.E, Biotechnology
Department of Biotechnology, PES Institute of Technology, Bangalore
M.Tech CSE specialization in cloud computing,
School of Computing Science and Engineering,
Vellore Institute of Technology
Designation: Designation: Post-Doctoral Fellow Designation: Project Assistant Designation: Project Associate
Worked on Optimizing Machine Learning Algorithms for Cognitive Impairment Classification. Worked on Whole Genome Sequencing downstream analysis. Worked on Detecting signatures of selections in Human populations and how they shape disease traits. Worked on Benchmarking computational frameworks on high throughput sequencing data.

Shraddha Barke Greeshma Thulasi Rajesh Kumar Maurya Sumanth Gowda
B.E Electronics Engineering,
BITS Pilani K.K.Birla Goa Campus
MSc. Computational Biology
Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, University of Kerala , Karyavattom, Thiruvananthapuram
MSc. Computational Biology
Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, University of Kerala , Karyavattom, Thiruvananthapuram
Designation: Designation: Designation: Project Assistant Designation:
Worked on Computational Genomics of Human Complex Diseases Worked on Integrative Computational Analysis of Complex Human Diseases Worked on Inferring disease-specific signatures from human Exome sequencing data Worked on 

 

    1. D’Silva, S., Chakraborty, S. & Kahali, B. Concurrent outcomes from multiple approaches of epistasis analysis for human body mass index associated loci provide insights into obesity biology. Sci Rep 12, 7306 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-11270-0
    2. Allele Specific Variation at APOE Increases Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Obesity but Decreases Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease and Myocardial Infarction. 
      Published by Dr. Bratati Kahali as lead author in Human Molecular Genetics. Accepted March 2021.
    3. A Noncoding Variant Near PPP1R3B Promotes Liver Glycogen Storage and MetS, but Protects Against Myocardial Infarction. Kahali B, Chen Y, Feitosa MF, Bielak LF, O’Connell JR, Musani SK, Hegde Y, Chen Y, Stetson LC, Guo X, Fu YP, Smith AV, Ryan KA, Eiriksdottir G, Cohain AT, Allison M, Bakshi A, Bowden DW, Budoff MJ, Carr JJ, Carskadon S, Chen YI, Correa A, Crudup BF, Du X, Harris TB, Yang J, Kardia SLR, Launer LJ, Liu J, Mosley TH, Norris JM, Terry JG, Palanisamy N, Schadt EE, O’Donnell CJ, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Rotter JI, Wagenknecht LE, Handelman SK, Gudnason V, Province MA, Peyser PA, Halligan B, Palmer ND, Speliotes EK. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2021 Jan 23;106(2):372-387. doi: 10.1210/clinem/dgaa855.PMID: 33231259.
    4. Machine learning-based cognitive impairment classification with optimal combination of neuropsychological tests. Gupta A,Bratati Kahali*, Alzheimers Dement (N Y), 2020 Jul 19;6(1):e12049. doi: 10.1002/trc2.12049. eCollection 2020. PMID: 32699817
    5. The association between genetically elevated telomere length and risk of cancer and non- neoplastic diseases. Haycock P, Burgess S,…., Bratati Kahali*, …,et al.
      JAMA Oncology, Feb, 2017.
    6. Rare and low-frequency coding variants alter human adult height. Marouli E, Graff M,…, Bratati Kahali*, …,et al. paper from GIANT consortium. Nature, 542(7640):186-190, 2017.
    7. Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology.
      Adam E Locke*, Bratati Kahali*, Sonja I Berndt*, Anne E Justice*, Tune H Pers*,……………….,Gonçalo R Abecasis, Lude Franke, Timothy M Frayling, Mark I McCarthy, Peter M Visscher, André Scherag, Cristen J Willer, Michael Boehnke, Karen L Mohlke, Cecilia M Lindgren, Jacques S Beckmann, Inês Barroso, Kari E North§, Erik Ingelsson§, Joel N Hirschhorn§, Ruth JF Loos§, Elizabeth K Speliotes§
      Nature 518(7538), 197-206, 2015.*  Equal contribution
    8. New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution.
      Dmitry Shungin, Thomas W Winkler, Damien C Croteau-Chonka, Teresa Ferreira, …, Bratati Kahali, ….., Cristen J Willer, Peter M Visscher, Jian Yang, Joel N Hirschhorn, M Carola Zillikens, Mark I McCarthy, Elizabeth K Speliotes, Kari E North, Caroline S Fox, Inês Barroso, Paul W Frank, Erik Ingelsson, Iris M Heid4, Ruth JF Loos, L Adrienne Cupples, Andrew P Morris, Cecilia M Lindgren, Karen L Mohlke.Nature 518(7538), 187-196, 2015.
    9. TM6SF2: Catch-22 in the Fight Against Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease and Cardiovascular Disease? Bratati Kahali, Liu YL, Daly AK, Day CP, Anstee QM, Speliotes EK.
      Gastroenterology 148(4), 679-684, 2015.
    10. Population genetic differentiation of height and body mass index across Europe.
      Matthew R. Robinson, Gibran Hemani, ……, Bratati Kahali,……Elizabeth K. Speliotes, Michael E. Goddard, Jian Yang, Peter M. Visscher.
      Nature Genetics 47(11),1357-1362, 2015.
    11. Gene-based meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies implicates new gene regions involved in obesity. Sara Hägg, Andrea Ganna, Tonu Esko, Sander W van der Laan, Adam E Locke, Bratati Kahali, Sonja I Berndt, Anne E Justice,, Tune H Pers, Kari E North, Ruth JF Loos, Elizabeth K Speliotes, Timothy M Frayling, Peter M Visscher, David P Strachan, Joel N Hirschhorn, Yudi Pawitan, Erik Ingelsson.
      Human Molecular Genetics 24(23), 6849-6860, 2015.
    12. Characterization of European –ancestry NAFLD Associated Variants in Individuals of African and Hispanic Descent.
      Nicholette D Palmer, Solomon K Musani, Laura M Yerges, Mary F Feitosa, Lawrence F Bielak, Ruben Hernaez, Bratati Kahali, J Jeffrey Carr, Tamara B Harris, Min A Jhun, Sharon LR Kardia, Carl D Langefeld, Thomas H Mosley Jr, Jill M Norris, Albert V Smith, Herman A Taylor, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Jiankang Liu, Ingrid B Borecki, Patricia A Peyser, Elizabeth K Speliotes.
      Hepatology 58(3), 966-975, 2013.
    13. Mendelian randomization study of body mass index and colorectal cancer risk.
      Aaron P. Thrift, Jian Gong, Ulrike Peters, Jenny Chang-Claude, Anja Rudolph, Martha L. Slattery, Andrew T. Chan, Adam E. Locke, Bratati Kahali, …, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner, Emily White, Li Hsu, Peter T. Campbell.
      Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 24(7), 1024-1031, 2015.
    14. Insights from genome wide association analyses of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
      Bratati Kahali, Brian Halligan, Elizabeth K Speliotes.
      Seminars in Liver Disease 35(4), 375-391, 2015.
    15. Disorderness in Escherichia coli proteome: perception of folding fidelity and protein-protein interactions.
      Bratati Kahali, Tapash Chandra Ghosh.
      J Biomol Struct Dyn 31(5), 472-476, 2013.
    16. Selective constraints in yeast genes with differential expressivity:   Codon pair usage and mRNA stability perspectives.
      Bratati Kahali *, Shandar Ahmad, Tapash Chandra Ghosh*.  Gene 481, 76-82, 2011.
      *Joint corresponding author
    17. Protein complex forming ability is favored over the features of    interacting partners in determining the evolutionary rates of proteins in the yeast protein-protein interaction networks.
      Sandip Chakraborty, Bratati Kahali *, Tapash Chandra Ghosh*.
      BMC Syst Biol 4:155, 2010.
      *Joint corresponding author
    18. On nucleotide solvent accessibility in RNA structure.
      Singh YH, Andrabi M, Bratati Kahali, Ghosh TC, Mizuguchi K, Kochetov AV, Ahmad S. Gene 463(1-2), 41-48, 2010.
    19. Exploring the evolutionary rate differences of party hub and date hub proteins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae protein-protein interaction network.
      Bratati Kahali, Shandar Ahmad and Tapash Chandra Ghosh.
      Gene 429(1-2), 18-22, 2009.
    20. Evolutionary constraints on hub and non-hub proteins in human protein interaction network: insight from protein connectivity and intrinsic disorder.
      Baisali Manna, Tanusree Bhattacharya, Bratati Kahali, Tapash Chandra Ghosh. Gene 434(1-2), 50-55, 2009.
    21. Delving deeper into the unexpected correlation between gene expressivity   and codon usage bias of Escherichia coli genome.
      Bratati Kahali, Surajit Basak and Tapash Chandra Ghosh.
      J Biomol Struct Dyn. 25, 6556-6561, 2008.
    22. Reinvestigating the codon and amino acid usage of S. cerevisiae genome: A new insight from protein secondary structure analysis.
      Bratati Kahali, Surajit Basak and Tapash Chandra Ghosh.
      Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 354, 693-699, 2007.

Book Chapter(s):

  1. Genetic Pleiotropies of Obesity.
    Bratati Kahali and Elizabeth K. Speliotes.
    The Genetics of Obesity, Edited by Dr. Struan Grant.
    SpringerLink ISBN: 978-1-4614-8641-1
  2. Insights into Eukaryotic Interacting Protein Evolution.
    Sandip Chakraborty, Soumita Podder, Bratati Kahali, Tina Begum, Kamalika Sen, and Tapash Chandra Ghosh. (All authors contributed equally).
    Evolutionary Biology – Concepts, Biodiversity, Macroevolution and Genome Evolution.
    Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Pontarotti, Pierre (Ed.) 1st Edition., 2011, XV, ISBN 978-3-642-20762-4.

Open positions in Prof. Bratati Kahali’s lab:

A post-doctoral fellow position and a senior project associate position are available immediately in Prof. Bratati Kahali’s lab. Candidates with direct experience in statistical methodology and human genetic data analyses will be given preference.

Required qualifications for Post-doctoral candidate:

Ph.D. degree in computer science, bioinformatics/ computational biology, statistics or applied math, or a related field, or equivalent experience is essential. Candidates with strong coding skills related to analyses of large genomic data sets generated from next-generation sequencing will be preferred. Experience in handling tools related to genome-wide association studies, next-generation sequencing will be given preference.

Applicants should have publication in indexed journals, should be able to multi-task, prioritize efforts, collaboratively develop ideas in a fast-paced environment, and execute independently.

Required qualifications for Senior Project Associate:

Master’s degree in (bio)statistics/ computer science/ bioinformatics/ applied math or other recognized field of science directly related to the duties of this position. Minimum four years’ experience in a research position involving coding and/or data analysis is required (coding experience with Python, C, C++, Perl, R, or other programming languages).

Salary will be fixed based on qualifications and experience.

Interested candidates may contact Prof. Bratati Kahali (bratati@iisc.ac.in, bratatis@gmail.com).


We are always looking for highly motivated research assistants, project students and post-doctoral fellows to work on computational genetics projects. Candidates having prior experience with computational work, statistical courses taken during undergraduate and postgraduate training, having programing experience are encouraged to apply.
If you are interested in our lab and would like to contribute in our research, Please send your CV, Cover letter in one pdf file to the Principal Investigator Dr. Bratati Kahali. (bratati@iisc.ac.in; bratatis@gmail.com).

 

Centre for Brain Research
Indian Institute of Science Campus
CV Raman Avenue
Bangalore 560012. India.

Email: bratati@iisc.ac.in; bratatis@gmail.com
Telephone: +91 80 2293 3657

 @BratatiKahali    Bratati Kahali